What is altitude sickness?
An illness felt by travelers that is unique to the higher elevation is called Altitude Sickness. Usually, a traveler is found to have experienced the altitude sickness when he is passing through the land located at above 3000m altitude.
People suffering from Altitude Sickness are known to experience headache, difficulty in breathing and nausea.
Types of Altitude Sickness:
AMS: Acute Mountain Sickness (minor)
HAPE: High Altitude Pulmonary Edema (severe): water in lungs
HACE: High Altitude Cerebral Edema (severe): water in brains
Causes of Altitude Sickness: Low barometric pressure
DehydrationMinor Symptoms of Altitude Sickness:Hangover
Difficulty in breathing
Loss of appetite
DizzinessSevere Symptoms:Frequently occurring dry cough
High pulse Rate (110)
Blueness in face, lip and finger nails due to failure in transportation of oxygen in blood
Walking like a drunk
Unconsciousness Decision Making:
In case of a patient suffering from acute mountain sickness, make patient to take rest at the same altitude level. Taking aspirin also helps. In case of severe case, bring the patient to lower level of altitude and contact the rescue team immediately.
Prevention: Give more time for acclimatization after reaching at an altitude above 1000m.
Do not go too fast, do not go too high
Say no to alcohol, cigarettes and sleeping pills
Drink plenty of water and other fluids
Do not carry heavy load (10-12kg max.)
Climb high, Sleep low
After 3000m elevation, try to climb only 400m per day
Do not travel aloneUseful Tips:Have detailed knowledge regarding altitude sickness before being engaged in the trekking
In case of mild suffering, do not make the patient climb up and give aspirin
If the condition worsens, take the patient at lower altitude
Never leave the teamTreatment:Bring the patient to the lower altitude as soon as possible, do not wait for rescue team
Supply enough oxygen
In case of minor altitude sickness, give diamox 125mg before dinner
Give Nafedipine for patient of HAPE
Give steroids/ dexamethasone for patient of HACE
Use hyperbaric bag
Female Trekking Guide
Trekking has no longer remained the activities limited to men. With the growing voice for equality, trekking has been able to attract significant number of female adventure lovers as well. With the increase in crowd of female trekkers and their complaints about some difficult situations they had to face, ‘Blue Mountain Travels & Tours’ realized the need for the female trekking guides. Making females self –independent was the other reason that motivated us to bring females into the unchartered land of tourism industry. Thus we came up with the brilliant team of female trekking guides. Not only are they familiar with the geographical terrains, diverse wildlife species, culture and traditions of the region that they are visiting but they are also fluent in English which will make sure that language will not become barrier in your trekking experience. Language barrier can become a serious problem that will kill all the fun out of your adventure. We would like to assure you that this will not be the case in ‘Blue Mountain Travels & Tours’.
We believe that economic capability will help in making women independent and self sufficient and it will also build the confidence in them so that they can take their own decisions. The practice of female trekking guide is advantageous to both- the female trekking guide as well as the lady trekkers. The stamina level of female are considered low in comparison to male. Also, there are certain problems that ladies find difficulty to openly discuss with females. Choosing female guides is the effective way of avoiding these problems as female trekkers can discuss all their feelings, situations and circumstances with female guides.
Trekking in Nepal with our highly capable female trekking guides will be the thrilling experience of exploring the nature and culture of this Himalayan country. Share every problem that you are facing with our women trekking guides and you will find them to be highly cooperative who will do everything they can to solve your difficulties that you face during the trekking.
Come, enjoy the whole new experience of exploring Nepal through our professional female trekking guides and see Nepal in a different way
Recommended Medical Kit
We have mentioned some of the basic first aid kit supplies and first aid kit medications that the trekkers must take along with them whenever they go for trekking in Nepal. Since this is only the basic kit list, trekkers who will be joining the extensive packages like climbing and expedition should add more things to their list. We will be happy to resolve your query.
Trekking First Aid Kit: Supplies:
Syringes (20ml, 10ml)
Sphygmomanometer (blood pressure instrument)
Hot water bottle
Pen and writing pad
Bandage and dressings
Sterile gauge pads (large and small)
Elastic bandages (3, 4 and 6 inches)
Cotton roll (large and small)
Trekking First Aid Kit: Medication:
Paracetamol (500mg tablet and 125mgs in 5ml syrup)
Aspirin (300mgs tablets)
Avil (25mgs tablet)
Trexyl (60mgs tablet, 30mgs in 5ml syrup)
Eye infection: Neosporin Ophthalmic cream
Throat and Lung infection: Amoxicillin (125mg per 5ml syrup, 250mgs and 500mgs tablets)
Abdomen Infection: Metronidazole (200mgs, 400mgs tablets) Tinidazole (500mgs tablets)
Urinary Infection: Narfloxacin (200mgs, 400mgs tablets)
Cloxacillion and Cephalexin (125mgs in 5ml, 250mgs and 500mgs tablets)
Silver sulphadiazine (effective against burn and injury)
Miconazole Cream (for fungal infection)
Betadine (solution and cream)
When to Trek?
Crowd and the climate are the two things that should be considered while planning a visit at any given place. There exists such diversity in land and climate in Nepal that you will always find something exciting whenever you visit Nepal. So, we have tried to categorize the type of adventure you should take in accordance with the season you wish to visit.
Autumn (September- November):
September to November is the peak month for tourism industry in Nepal. Weather remains pretty clear during autumn season and thus you will be welcomed by the finest views of natural vistas like magnificent mountains, valleys and colorful forests. Temperature remains moderate and the skies are usually blue. There is a chance of occasional short storms and snow falls at high altitudes. Trekking in any region is perfect in autumn season.
Winter (December to February):
Lands at higher altitudes receive snowfall during winter season. So, it is better to trek only to the land existing at the lower altitude that has been placed as the land locating below 3800m altitude height. Some of the best selling trekking package during winter season include: Ghorepani / Ghandruk Trek, Annapurna Sanctuary Trek, Jomsom Muktinath Trek, and others.
Spring (March to May):
Spring is yet another best season to visit Nepal. All regions remain open for trekking in spring season. You will be welcomed by blooming flowers of several species. Trekking especially into the hills that are located above 3000m altitude is exciting in spring season. You will find these hills to be covered with several blooming rhododendrons that are sure to calm your restless soul.
Summer/ Monsoon (June to August):
Months from June to mid September marks the summer season in Nepal. Summer season is best for tourists with interest in botany or photography. The higher valleys and pasture lands will be full of lush green vegetation and there will be blooming flowers at every region. Joining the Restricted Area Trekking is the best idea for summer season. Upper Mustang Trek, Dolpo Trek and Narphu Valley Trek are few popular trekking packages that are suitable for summer season.